Spring之WEB模块配置详解

转载  2017-12-04   作者:冰河winner   我要评论
这篇文章主要介绍了Spring之WEB模块配置详解,简单介绍了其继承方式,代理方式,以及相关详细配置代码,具有一定借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以了解下。
Spring框架七大模块简单介绍 Spring中MVC模块代码详解 Spring的WEB模块用于整合Web框架,例如Struts1、Struts2、JSF等 整合Struts1 继承方式 Spring框架提供了ActionSupport类支持Struts1的Action。继承了ActionSupport后就能获取Spring的BeanFactory,从而获得各种Spring容器内的各种资源
import org.springframework.web.struts.ActionSupport; public class CatAction extends ActionSupport{ public ICatService getCarService(){ return (ICatService) getWebApplicationContext().getBean("catService"); } public ActionForward execute(ActionMappingmapping,ActionForm form,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponseresponse){ CatForm catForm = (CatForm) form; if("list".equals(catForm.getAction())){ returnthis.list(mapping,form,request,response); } } public ActionForward list(ActionMappingmapping,ActionForm form,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponseresponse){ CatForm catForm = (CatForm) form; ICatService catService =getCatService(); List<Cat> catList =catService.listCats(); request.setAttribute("carList",catList); return mapping.find("list"); } }
Spring在web.xml中的配置
<context-param><!-- Spring配置文件的位置--> <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> <param-value>/WEB-INF/classes/applicationContext.xml</param-value> </context-param> <listener><!-- 使用Listener加载Spring配置文件--> <listener-class> org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener </listener-class> </listener> <filter><!-- 使用Spring自带的字符过滤器--> <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class> <init-param> <param-name>encoding</param-name> <param-value>UTF-8</param-value> </init-param> <init-param> <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name> <param-value>true</param-value> </init-param> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping>
如果与Hibernate结合使用,需要在web.xml中添加OpenSessionInViewFilter过滤器,将session范围扩大到JSP层,防止抛出延迟加载异常
<filter> <filter-name>hibernateFilter</filter-name> <filter-class>org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.support. OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name> hibernateFilter</filter-name> <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern><!-- 对Struts 1的Action启用--> </filter-mapping>
代理方式 继承方式融入Spring非常简单,但是缺点是代码与Spring发生了耦合,并且Action并没有交给Spring管理,因此不能使用Spring的AOP、IoC特性,使用代理方式则可以避免这些缺陷
public class CatAction extends Action{ //此处继承的Struts 1的Action private ICatService catService; //setter、getter略 public ActionForward execute(ActionMappingmapping,ActionForm form,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponseresponse){ CatForm catForm = (CatForm) form; if("list".equals(catForm.getAction())){ returnthis.list(mapping,form,request,response); } } public ActionForward list(ActionMappingmapping,ActionForm form,HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponseresponse){ CatForm catForm = (CatForm) form; ICatService catService =getCatService(); List<Cat> catList =catService.listCats(); request.setAttribute("carList",catList); return mapping.find("list"); } }
这个Action没有与Spring发生耦合,只是定义了一个ICatService属性,然后由Spring负责注入 struts-congfig.xml配置
<form-beans> <form-bean name="catForm" type="com.clf.spring.CatForm"> </form-beans> <action-mappings> <action name=" catForm" path="/cat" type="com.clf.spring.CatAction"> <forward name="list" path="/jsp/listCat.jsp"></forward> </action> </action-mappings> <!-- 最核心的配置,该配置把Struts的Action交给Spring代理--> <controller processorClass="org.springframework.web.struts.DelegatingRequestProcessor" /> <!-- controller配置生效后,Action的type属性就是去作用了,Struts不会用type属性指定的类来创建CatAction,而是到Spring配置中寻找,因此Spring中必须配置CatAction --> <!-- Spring中配置Action使用的是name属性而不是id,Spring会截获"/cat.do"的请求,将catService通过setter方法注入到CatAction中,并调用execute()方法--> <bean name="/cat" class=" com.clf.spring.CatAction"> <property name="catService" ref="catService" /> </bean>
web.xml的配置与上面的继承方式相同 使用代理方式的Action可以配置拦截器等Spring特性,例如给CatAction配置方法前拦截器和返回后拦截器
<bean id="catBeforeInterceptor" class="org.springframework.aop.support.NameMatchMethodPointcutAdvodor"> <property name="advice"> <bean class="com.clf.spring.MethodBeforeInterceptor" /> </property> <property name="mappedName" value="*"></property> </bean> <bean id="catAfterInterceptor" class="org.springframework.aop.support.NameMatchMethodPointcutAdvodor"> <property name="advice"> <bean class="com.clf.spring.MethodAfterInterceptor" /> </property> <property name="mappedName" value="*"></property> </bean> <bean name="/cat" class="org.springframework.aop.framework.ProxyFactoryBean"> <property name="interceptorNames"> <list> <value> catBeforeInterceptor</value> <value> catAfterInterceptor</value> </list> </property> <property name="target"> <bean class="com.clf.spring.CatAction"> <property name="catService" ref="catService"></property> </bean> </property> </bean>
整合Struts 2 Spring整合Struts 2需要struts2-spring-2.011.jar包
public class CatAction{ private ICatService catService; private Cat cat; //setter、getter略 public String list(){ catService.listCats(); return "list"; } public String add(){ catService.createCat(cat); return list(); } }
struts.xml配置 除了正常的配置之外,还需要<contstant/>添加名为struts.objectFactory的常量,把值设为spring,表示该Action由Spring产生。然后把<action/>的class属性改为catAction,Struts2将会到Spring中寻找名为catAction的bean
<constant name=" struts.objectFactory" value="spring" /> <packagenamepackagename="cat" extends="struts-default"> <action name="*_cat" method="{1}" class="catAction"> <param name="action" >{1}</param> <result>/list.jsp</result> <result name="list">/list.jsp</result> </action> </package>
Spring配置
<bean id="catAction" scope="prototype" class="com.clf.spring.CatAction"> <property name="catService" ref="catService"></property> </bean>
web.xml配置
<context-param><!-- Spring配置文件的位置--> <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> <param-value>/WEB-INF/classes/applicationContext.xml</param-value> </context-param> <listener><!-- 使用Listener加载Spring配置文件--> <listener-class> org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener </listener-class> </listener> <filter> <filter-name>Struts2</filter-name> <filter-class>org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher</filter-class> </filter> <filter-mapping> <filter-name> Struts2</filter-name> <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> </filter-mapping>
总结 以上就是本文关于Spring之WEB模块配置详解的全部内容,希望对大家有所帮助。感兴趣的朋友可以继续参阅本站其他相关专题,如有不足之处,欢迎留言指出。 参考: 浅谈Springmvc中的页面跳转问题 Spring AOP入门Demo分享 Spring框架web项目实战全代码分享

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