利用ECharts.js画K线图的方法示例

转载  2018-01-10   作者:下页、再停留   我要评论
这篇文章主要给大家介绍了关于利用ECharts.js画K线图的相关资料,,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习学习吧。
前言 最近有一个统计的项目要做,在前端的数据需要用图表的形式展示。网上搜索了一下,发现有几种统计图库。 MSChart 这个是Visual Studio里的自带控件,使用比较简单,不过数据这块需要在后台绑定。 ichartjs 是一款基于HTML5的图形库。使用纯javascript语言, 利用HTML5的canvas标签绘制各式图形。 支持饼图、环形图、折线图、面积图、柱形图、条形图等。 Chart.js 也是一款基于HTML5的图形库和ichartjs整体类似。不过Chart.js的利发国际手机客户端文档没有ichartjs的详细。不过感觉在对于移动的适配上感觉比ichartjs要好一点。 ECharts.js 这是我准备在这个项目中使用的图形库,这也是一款基于HTML5的图形库。图形的创建也比较简单,直接引用Javascript即可。使用这个库的原因主要有三点,一个是因为这个库是百度的项目,而且一直有利发国际手机客户端,目前最新的是EChart 3;第二个是这个库的项目文档比较详细,每个点都说明的比较清楚,而且是中文的,理解比较容易;第三点是这个库支持的图形很丰富,并且可以直接切换图形,使用起来很方便。 准备工作: 需引入echarts.js插件,开发环境建议选择源代码版本,该版本包含了常见的警告和错误提示。 官网利发国际手机客户端地址: http://echarts.baidu.com/download.html 最新版本利发国际手机客户端:http://www.jb51.net/codes/262041.html 更多用法可以参考这篇文章:http://www.jb51.net/article/120902.htm 下面是代码,注释很清楚,主要是js代码,可根据项目进行增删! 配置项说明: http://echarts.baidu.com/option.html#title 示例代码
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <title>5分钟上手ECharts</title> <!-- 引入ECharts文件 --> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.jb51.net/echarts.js"></script> </head> <body> <!-- 为ECharts准备一个具备大小(宽高)的DOM --> <div id="main" style="width: 1200px; height: 600px;"></div> <!-- js代码 --> <script type="text/javascript"> /*基于准备好的dom,初始化echarts实例*/ var myChart = echarts.init(document.getElementById('main')); // 数据意义:开盘(open),收盘(close),最低(lowest),最高(highest) var data0 = splitData([ ['2013/1/24', 2320.26,2320.26,2287.3,2362.94], ['2013/1/25', 2300,2291.3,2288.26,2308.38], ['2013/1/28', 2295.35,2346.5,2295.35,2346.92], ['2013/1/29', 2347.22,2358.98,2337.35,2363.8], ['2013/1/30', 2360.75,2382.48,2347.89,2383.76], ['2013/1/31', 2383.43,2385.42,2371.23,2391.82], ['2013/2/1', 2377.41,2419.02,2369.57,2421.15], ['2013/2/4', 2425.92,2428.15,2417.58,2440.38], ['2013/2/5', 2411,2433.13,2403.3,2437.42], ['2013/2/6', 2432.68,2434.48,2427.7,2441.73], ['2013/2/7', 2430.69,2418.53,2394.22,2433.89], ['2013/2/8', 2416.62,2432.4,2414.4,2443.03], ['2013/2/18', 2441.91,2421.56,2415.43,2444.8], ['2013/2/19', 2420.26,2382.91,2373.53,2427.07], ['2013/2/20', 2383.49,2397.18,2370.61,2397.94], ['2013/2/21', 2378.82,2325.95,2309.17,2378.82], ['2013/2/22', 2322.94,2314.16,2308.76,2330.88], ['2013/2/25', 2320.62,2325.82,2315.01,2338.78], ['2013/2/26', 2313.74,2293.34,2289.89,2340.71], ['2013/2/27', 2297.77,2313.22,2292.03,2324.63], ['2013/2/28', 2322.32,2365.59,2308.92,2366.16], ['2013/3/1', 2364.54,2359.51,2330.86,2369.65], ['2013/3/4', 2332.08,2273.4,2259.25,2333.54], ['2013/3/5', 2274.81,2326.31,2270.1,2328.14], ['2013/3/6', 2333.61,2347.18,2321.6,2351.44], ['2013/3/7', 2340.44,2324.29,2304.27,2352.02], ['2013/3/8', 2326.42,2318.61,2314.59,2333.67], ['2013/3/11', 2314.68,2310.59,2296.58,2320.96], ['2013/3/12', 2309.16,2286.6,2264.83,2333.29], ['2013/3/13', 2282.17,2263.97,2253.25,2286.33], ['2013/3/14', 2255.77,2270.28,2253.31,2276.22], ['2013/3/15', 2269.31,2278.4,2250,2312.08], ['2013/3/18', 2267.29,2240.02,2239.21,2276.05], ['2013/3/19', 2244.26,2257.43,2232.02,2261.31], ['2013/3/20', 2257.74,2317.37,2257.42,2317.86], ['2013/3/21', 2318.21,2324.24,2311.6,2330.81], ['2013/3/22', 2321.4,2328.28,2314.97,2332], ['2013/3/25', 2334.74,2326.72,2319.91,2344.89], ['2013/3/26', 2318.58,2297.67,2281.12,2319.99], ['2013/3/27', 2299.38,2301.26,2289,2323.48], ['2013/3/28', 2273.55,2236.3,2232.91,2273.55], ['2013/3/29', 2238.49,2236.62,2228.81,2246.87], ['2013/4/1', 2229.46,2234.4,2227.31,2243.95], ['2013/4/2', 2234.9,2227.74,2220.44,2253.42], ['2013/4/3', 2232.69,2225.29,2217.25,2241.34], ['2013/4/8', 2196.24,2211.59,2180.67,2212.59], ['2013/4/9', 2215.47,2225.77,2215.47,2234.73], ['2013/4/10', 2224.93,2226.13,2212.56,2233.04], ['2013/4/11', 2236.98,2219.55,2217.26,2242.48], ['2013/4/12', 2218.09,2206.78,2204.44,2226.26], ['2013/4/15', 2199.91,2181.94,2177.39,2204.99], ['2013/4/16', 2169.63,2194.85,2165.78,2196.43], ['2013/4/17', 2195.03,2193.8,2178.47,2197.51], ['2013/4/18', 2181.82,2197.6,2175.44,2206.03], ['2013/4/19', 2201.12,2244.64,2200.58,2250.11], ['2013/4/22', 2236.4,2242.17,2232.26,2245.12], ['2013/4/23', 2242.62,2184.54,2182.81,2242.62], ['2013/4/24', 2187.35,2218.32,2184.11,2226.12], ['2013/4/25', 2213.19,2199.31,2191.85,2224.63], ['2013/4/26', 2203.89,2177.91,2173.86,2210.58], ['2013/5/2', 2170.78,2174.12,2161.14,2179.65], ['2013/5/3', 2179.05,2205.5,2179.05,2222.81], ['2013/5/6', 2212.5,2231.17,2212.5,2236.07], ['2013/5/7', 2227.86,2235.57,2219.44,2240.26], ['2013/5/8', 2242.39,2246.3,2235.42,2255.21], ['2013/5/9', 2246.96,2232.97,2221.38,2247.86], ['2013/5/10', 2228.82,2246.83,2225.81,2247.67], ['2013/5/13', 2247.68,2241.92,2231.36,2250.85], ['2013/5/14', 2238.9,2217.01,2205.87,2239.93], ['2013/5/15', 2217.09,2224.8,2213.58,2225.19], ['2013/5/16', 2221.34,2251.81,2210.77,2252.87], ['2013/5/17', 2249.81,2282.87,2248.41,2288.09], ['2013/5/20', 2286.33,2299.99,2281.9,2309.39], ['2013/5/21', 2297.11,2305.11,2290.12,2305.3], ['2013/5/22', 2303.75,2302.4,2292.43,2314.18], ['2013/5/23', 2293.81,2275.67,2274.1,2304.95], ['2013/5/24', 2281.45,2288.53,2270.25,2292.59], ['2013/5/27', 2286.66,2293.08,2283.94,2301.7], ['2013/5/28', 2293.4,2321.32,2281.47,2322.1], ['2013/5/29', 2323.54,2324.02,2321.17,2334.33], ['2013/5/30', 2316.25,2317.75,2310.49,2325.72], ['2013/5/31', 2320.74,2300.59,2299.37,2325.53], ['2013/6/3', 2300.21,2299.25,2294.11,2313.43], ['2013/6/4', 2297.1,2272.42,2264.76,2297.1], ['2013/6/5', 2270.71,2270.93,2260.87,2276.86], ['2013/6/6', 2264.43,2242.11,2240.07,2266.69], ['2013/6/7', 2242.26,2210.9,2205.07,2250.63], ['2013/6/13', 2190.1,2148.35,2126.22,2190.1] ]); //切割数组,把数组中的日期和数据分离,返回数组中的日期和数据 function splitData(rawData) { var categoryData = []; var values = []; for (var i = 0; i < rawData.length; i++) { //splice 返回每组数组中被删除的第一项,即返回数组中被删除的日期 //alert(rawData[i].splice(0, 1)[0]); //categoryData 日期 把返回的日期放到categoryData[]数组中 categoryData.push(rawData[i].splice(0, 1)[0]); //alert(categoryData); //数据数组,即数组中除日期外的数据 // alert(rawData[i]); values.push(rawData[i]) } return { categoryData: categoryData, //数组中的日期 x轴对应的日期 values: values //数组中的数据 y轴对应的数据 }; } //计算MA平均线,N日移动平均线=N日收盘价之和/N dayCount要计算的天数(5,10,20,30) function calculateMA(dayCount) { var result = []; for (var i = 0, len = data0.values.length; i < len; i++) { if (i < dayCount) { result.push('-'); //alert(result); continue; //结束单次循环,即不输出本次结果 } var sum = 0; for (var j = 0; j < dayCount; j++) { //收盘价总和 sum += data0.values[i - j][1]; //alert(sum); } result.push(sum / dayCount); // alert(result); } return result; } option = { title: { //标题 text: '上证指数', left: 0 }, tooltip: { //提示框 trigger: 'axis', //触发类型:坐标轴触发 axisPointer: { //坐标轴指示器配置项 type: 'cross' //指示器类型,十字准星 } }, legend: { //图例控件,点击图例控制哪些系列不现实 data: ['日K', 'MA5', 'MA10', 'MA20', 'MA30'] }, grid: { //直角坐标系 show:true, left: '10%', //grid组件离容器左侧的距离 right: '10%', bottom: '15%', //backgroundColor:'#ccc' }, xAxis: { type: 'category', //坐标轴类型,类目轴 data: data0.categoryData, //scale: true, //只在数字轴中有效 boundaryGap : false, //刻度作为分割线,标签和数据点会在两个刻度上 axisLine: {onZero: false}, splitLine: {show: false}, //是否显示坐标轴轴线 //splitNumber: 20, //坐标轴的分割段数,预估值,在类目轴中无效 min: 'dataMin', //特殊值,数轴上的最小值作为最小刻度 max: 'dataMax' //特殊值,数轴上的最大值作为最大刻度 }, yAxis: { scale: true, //坐标刻度不强制包含零刻度 splitArea: { show: true //显示分割区域 } }, dataZoom: [ //用于区域缩放 { filterMode:'filter', //当前数据窗口外的数据被过滤掉来达到数据窗口缩放的效果 默认值filter type: 'inside', //内置型数据区域缩放组件 start: 50, //数据窗口范围的起始百分比 end: 100 //数据窗口范围的结束百分比 }, { show: true, type: 'slider', //滑动条型数据区域缩放组件 y: '90%', start: 50, end: 100 } ], series: [ //图表类型 { name: '日K', type: 'candlestick', //K线图 data: data0.values, //y轴对应的数据 ////////////////////////图标标注///////////////////////////// markPoint: { //图表标注 label: { //标注的文本 normal: { //默认不显示标注 show:true, //position:['20%','30%'], formatter: function (param) { //标签内容控制器 return param != null ? Math.round(param.value) : ''; } } }, data: [ //标注的数据数组 { name: 'XX标点', coord: ['2013/5/31', 2300], //指定数据的坐标位置 value: 2300, itemStyle: { //图形样式 normal: {color: 'rgb(41,60,85)'} } }, { name: 'highest value', type: 'max', //最大值 valueDim: 'highest' //在highest维度上的最大值 最高价 }, { name: 'lowest value', type: 'min', valueDim: 'lowest' //最低价 }, { name: 'average value on close', type: 'average', valueDim: 'close' //收盘价 } ], tooltip: { //提示框 formatter: function (param) { return param.name + '<br>' + (param.data.coord || ''); } } }, /////////////////////////////////图标标线/////////////////////////// markLine: { symbol: ['none', 'none'], //标线两端的标记类型 data: [ [ { name: 'from lowest to highest', type: 'min', //设置该标线为最小值的线 valueDim: 'lowest', //指定在哪个维度上的最小值 symbol: 'circle', symbolSize: 10, //起点标记的大小 label: { //normal默认,emphasis高亮 normal: {show: false}, //不显示标签 emphasis: {show: false} //不显示标签 } }, { type: 'max', valueDim: 'highest', symbol: 'circle', symbolSize: 10, label: { normal: {show: false}, emphasis: {show: false} } } ], { name: 'min line on close', type: 'min', valueDim: 'close' }, { name: 'max line on close', type: 'max', valueDim: 'close' } ] } }, { //MA5 5天内的收盘价之和/5 name: 'MA5', type: 'line', data: calculateMA(5), smooth: true, lineStyle: { normal: {opacity: 0.5} } }, { name: 'MA10', type: 'line', data: calculateMA(10), smooth: true, lineStyle: { //标线的样式 normal: {opacity: 0.5} } }, { name: 'MA20', type: 'line', data: calculateMA(20), smooth: true, lineStyle: { normal: {opacity: 0.5} } }, { name: 'MA30', type: 'line', data: calculateMA(30), smooth: true, lineStyle: { normal: {opacity: 0.5} } }, ] }; // 使用刚指定的配置项和数据显示图表 myChart.setOption(option); </script> </body> </html>
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